In the face of the harsh anti-war policies of the EU Commission, various sanctions packages were prepared by the European Commission in order to wear Russia down economically.
The iron and steel industry was also adversely affected, based on foreign trade relations, in the face of the sanctions on the policy of marginalizing Russia.
Among the sanctions determined by the European Commission, there were also clauses such as preventing investments in Russia's energy sector and preventing iron and steel imports.
After these sanctions imposed on Russia were breached in time, the European Commission, once again, decided to create new sanctions in order to prevent shadow entities in Russia and third countries from being circumvented and to circumvent the imposed sanctions.
In this context, a wide range of restrictions were applied to Russia, including trade, finance, energy, industry, technology, transportation, dual-use and luxury products, including oil and coal, and gold. assets frozen.
Despite all these sanctions, import and export relations between the European Union countries and Russia continued through legal loopholes. Even though there is a significant decrease compared to 2022, Russia gained 662.11 million Euros against 1,361 million tons of steel products with its exports to European Union countries in the first quarter of 2023. It was noted that these values decreased by 58.7% on product basis and by 53.1% on value equivalent, compared to the same period of the previous year.
According to the data obtained from Eurostat sources, when the iron and steel products exported by Russia to EU countries in the first quarter of 2023 are analyzed, it is seen that Russia exports mostly semi-finished products to the EU. The figure, which was announced as 839,000 tons, decreased by 39% compared to the same period of 2022.
On the European side, Belgium was the country that imported the most semi-finished products from Russia with 347,7 thousand tons. The value of Belgium's imports was recorded as 179.28 million Euros.
The country that imported the most pig iron was Italy, with an increase of 5.5% compared to the same period of the previous year. Russia's earnings from 248.3 thousand tons of imported pig iron were announced as 100.5 million Euros.
As of the first quarter of 2023, there was a serious decrease of 86.6% in iron ore compared to the previous year. The value of 197.99 thousand tons of iron ore exported by Russia decreased by 83.9 percent to 33.3 million euros.
In the first quarter of this year, Slovakia was the country that exported the most iron ore from Russia. The value of 126,3 thousand tons of iron ore exported to Slovakia by Russia was determined as 21.98 million Euros.
In Ferroalloys, it was seen that the Netherlands supplies its main volume through Russia. Importing 7.91 thousand tons of ferroalloys, the Netherlands realized its import value of 26.49 million Euros.
In the first quarter, the amount of scrap imports from Russia decreased by 85.5% and was recorded as 8.11 thousand tons. In this process, the country that imported the most scrap from Russia was Lithuania. Lithuania imported 7.1 tons of scrap from Russia for 14.33 million Euros.